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Sporotrichosis

Usually referred to as rose-thorn or rose-garden's disease, Sporotrichosis, as the name would suggest, is a disease contracted by humans from the fungus Sporothrix schenckii present in sphagnum moss, soil, roses, barberry bushes, and hay or indirectly from animals such as cats who have brought the spores to your contact.

Thus, jobs such as that of the gardener, farmer, or nursery workers are the most prone to these disease, which usually takes 6 to 7 months for full recovery. A fungal disease, it largely affects parts of the skin, as the first organ of contact and eventually spread to other parts of the body like the lungs, bones, joints, and if things get worse, the brain.

It is hard to spot the presence of the skin infection at first, as it usually takes 1 to 12 weeks or a maximum of 3 weeks to show up after the fungal exposure. This oftentimes turns more into a complicated skin disease when the patient is immunocompromised or have a weak immune system. As mentioned above, jobs that involve having contact with plants as in a greenhouse or children that love to play in hay are the most vulnerable to this disease.

There are three types of Sporotrichosis. These are cutaneous or skin sporotrichosis, pulmonary sporotrichosis, and disseminated sporotrichosis. Obviously, this classification revolves around the question of where and how the contact with the fungus was made.

Of the three, the most common form of the disease is the cutaneous type. It starts as painless bumps or lesions in the skin, used by the fungal spores as an entry point. If left unchecked, lesions become worse so as some would appear like boils or ulcers in the hands, arms, and fingers.

Of these types, it is the pulmonary type that is the rarest, the symptoms of which include coughing, fibrosis, bulging lymph nodes and nodules of the lungs. When left untreated, patients who manifest these conditions gradually contracts pneumonia or tuberculosis.

Another type, which is the Disseminated sporotrichosis type, only occurs when the fungus spreads and develops into the other parts of the body. It can spread to bones, joints, even to the central nervous system, where the brain is and can develop into a form of meningitis. Symptoms of this type usually include weight loss due to anorexia and bony lesions.

The treatment of this skin disorder solely depends on how severe or where the disease is most dominant. Common treatments include medication like saturated potassium iodide solution, itraconazole and fluconazole, amphotericin B, and surgery. Although surgery is not the last option for treating this disease, it is a very good choice if the disease would not go away even after a 3 to six months treatment.

Preventing the disease sounds much better though. Therefore, doctors would recommend people who are prone to this disease because of their work to wear gloves, wash hands after touching the soil or plants, bandage sores which may be the fungus' point of entry, and as much as possible, whenever spotting a sphagnum moss, avoid it if needed. Health, after all, should be a priority.

 
   
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