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Discolored Skin  

Unfortunately, as many of us may know it, discolored skin problems are not so rare among the people of different countries, nationalities and races. People may suffer from different skin discoloration problems and diseases, caused by a range of congenital and acquired factors. Therefore, in this article I would like us to take a look at some of the factors that can cause different forms of skin discoloration and at some possible treatments of such discolored skin diseases. 

First of all, let us discover what adds our skins such a variety of tints and colors. Melanin is the skin pigment responsible for coloring it. Mainly it has brown or black color. When our bodies function properly, melanin can be found only in epidermis, the outer layer of human skin. However, being responsible for proper skin coloring, the same pigment can also be responsible for skin discoloration. Here is how it happens: melanin pigment cells penetrate into dermis, the second layer of human skin and colors it the same way it does with the epidermis. That is how some of the discolored skin problems occur. For, in this case, melanin will add one’s skin extremely undesirable gray or even blue color. Unfortunately, in most cases physicians do not know what causes such discolored skin problems. Sadly, there is no medication yet that can cure dermis skin discoloration. Thus, laser remains the only method for treating such discolored skin problems, for, skin discoloration caused by melanin is very much alike to tattoo.  

Besides the above described melanin skin discoloration, there can be other discolored skin problems, not related to melanin. As I have already mentioned in the beginning of this article, discolored skin problems can be both congenital and acquired.  Among the factors that can evoke acquired discolored skin problems are such diseases as thyroid disease, sugar diabetes, pernicious anemia, Addison’s disease, etc. Plus, skin discoloration can be caused by various damage or traumas of skin, such as burns, blisters or skin infections. Some of these discolored skin problems can be treated by medications, chemical or laser peals, while others require more invasive treatment. Sadly, but in some cases, discolored skin problems may have no cure at all.  

Among the non melanin discolored skin problems there are such things as various types of birthmarks. These birthmarks are mainly congenital, though some of them may appear on one’s skin in the later years of life. Most types of birthmarks, which cause discolored skin problems, are created by blood vessels. Sometimes, blood vessels significantly increase in size or smaller blood vessels cluster together and appear as red spots on the skin. If such vascular skin discoloration does not grow significantly in size and does not have any bleeds, as a rule, it does not require any sort of treatment at all. However, as I have mentioned before, never attempt to self diagnose any type of discolored skin problems and always consult a doctor about them.