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Scrofula Skin Disorder - Symptoms and Cure for Scrofula

It was called the King's Evil in France because it was said that only through the touch of a monarch would the disease leave the afflicted. But scrofula is definitely not just any kind of disease that could be removed or prevented by the touch of royalty. It was only until 1825 when the custom was finally put to an end by the king of France for its Catholic underpinnings. Of course, medical science have put that already to test that's why today we know more than they do. Today, we know that the disease is caused when comes in contact with the bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis in adults and nontuberculous mycobacteria in children.

Scrofula, in its mature state, manifests as an infection in the lymph nodes around the neck. Like warts and seborrheic keratosis, it is a skin disorder. In medical terms, it is called cervical tuberculous lymphadenopathy or the tuberculosis of the neck. Doctors have traced the action of the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis in almost 95 percent of patients with these complications. Nowadays, these diseases are no longer prominent in the necks of tuberculars although after AIDS outbreak, there seems to be a resurgence of this sickly manifestation in the body especially among 50 percent of patients who show a weak immune system.

Aside from the chronic, bluish-purple mass that appears in the neck, also called the "cold abscess," other symptoms of this disease include fever, malaise, weight loss, sweats and fever. Sometimes, if skin gets lesion that grows in time, sinuses form and results to open wounds. Although ulcerations seem to be a rare symptom, the swelling of the lymph nodes in other parts of the body aside from the neck is also another symptom a patient must be careful to take note of.

To make sure that scrofula is what's at work, a patient is diagnosed through the examination of one's tissues, culture samples of the bacteria by taking some tissue in the lymph nodes, and chest x-rays are what's usually done.

Scrofula Treatment and Prevention of Scrofula

If found to have scrofula, patients are required to undergo a series of medical treatments usually lasting for 9 to 12 days. Most antibiotics for this disorder can be used at the same time, most of which include INH, Rifampin, Pyrazinamide, and Ethambutol. This type of medication is typically used to control the bacteria tuberculosis, but in case it is caused by another bacteria, especially among children, therapy would oftentimes involve antibiotics such as rifampin, clarithromycin, and ethambutol. Surgery is obviously not the last resort for curing this skin disease. It could only be conducted once the medication would not work.

As always, preventing the disease is much better than getting a 9 to 12 day-dosage of different kinds of medicines. Even worse is getting under the knife to scrape up those unhealthy-looking nodes round the neck. Preventive measured usually require individuals to identify the signs of infection through a PPD or Tine test. This is usually brought through contact with someone carrying the disease, most of the time, tuberculosis of the lungs. Skin tests are, thus, provided to the patient as much as it is also given to doctors, nurses and immigrants before entering the country.