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Causes of facial swelling and how to reduce facial swelling

Facial swelling or face swelling is a condition wherein there is fluid build up in the face, which can sometimes spread to the neck and upper arms. The swollen area can include the eyes, the central part of the face (wherein the swelling is known as facial edema), mouth, forehead, cheeks and chin. It is also an external reflection or symptom of something going wrong internally. Most of the time, cases of facial swelling are not a cause for alarm, but when the swollen area is red or tender, there is difficulty breathing, or the swelling does not decrease over time, it is advisable to consult a health care provider.

Some of the most common facial swelling causes are: obesity, allergic reactions such as that of allergic rhinitis and hay fever, sinus infections, styes, and conjunctivitis - Other causes of facial swellings are severe malnutrition; surgery of the head, nose or jaw; a reaction to blood transfusion or drugs such as aspirin, penicillin, sulfa, or glucocorticoids.

For most cases, applying cold compress helps to reduce facial swelling - In cases wherein face swelling is caused by malnutrition, it is best to seek the advice of a nutritionist so that proper changes in one’s diet can be made accordingly. A BMI (Body Mass Index) chart can help determine if a person is overweight or obese by measuring the proportion of height and weight. Around 27% of the male population and 33% of the female population are considered obese.

Sinus infections can also cause face swelling over the sinus area, along with redness. If a sinus infection is the problem, apple cider vinegar is a good home remedy. Mix 1/8 or ¼ cup of apple cider vinegar in water. It is best to take this throughout the day to alleviate sinus infections.

Facial Swelling Treatment

Styes are also one of the facial swelling causes although this type of swelling would occur around the eyes. Some causes of styes are usage of old cosmetics, not completely removing makeup, infected follicles, or obstruction of oil glands or openings in the eyelid. Aside from swelling around the eyes, symptoms of styes include mucous discharge and painful redness in the eyes; a lump where the sty is located, and blurry vision. One natural home remedy for facial swelling treatment is by applying a warm, clean towel to the affected area for about five minutes. This should be repeated 3 to 5 times a day. Another natural home remedy is to apply a teabag that is soaked in warm water to the sty. This will help reduce the size of the sty and in turn reduce facial swelling.
Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is usually caused by a viral infection and can easily be prevented by regular washing of hands. Other symptoms of conjunctivitis include constant tearing, pain, itchiness, and sensitivity in the eye, and blurry vision. One way to alleviate the discomfort caused by conjunctivitis is by applying a clean towel soaked in cold water but wrapped in a warm towel around the eyes. This should be repeated until the inner towel becomes warm.

Most face swelling cases are not severe, although preparing oneself through awareness and education can prevent many cases of facial swelling. Proper diet and health are the most important factors in prevention of facial swelling.