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Tinea Capitis

Tinea capitis is a kind of dermatophytosis of the scalp, which means that it is a kind of fungal infection. There are many types of dermatophytosis, caused by several different species of fungi. The most common of these fungal infections are probably athlete’s foot, also known as tinea pedi, and jock itch, also known as tinea cruris. Ringworm is also a kind of dermatophytosis, and tinea capitis and the other infections mentioned often display the characteristic symptom of ringworm — inflammation in the form of raised red rings, along with rather severe itching. In fact, tinea capitis is sometimes known as ringworm of the scalp. In addition to the typical ringworm symptoms, tinea capitis also often involves dandruff, and if the infection has become very severe and taken strong hold, there is also hair loss, which usually occurs in patches. Sometimes the rash may also develop into sores with pus.

Tinea Capitis Treatment

Tinea capitis tends to be a persistent and difficult infection to treat, but if medication is used as prescribed and is accompanied by adequate hygiene, it is possible to get rid of it. For tinea capitis treatment there are a variety of anti fungal medications that can be taken orally to attack the fungus. Topical antifungal medication can also be used, but this must be accompanied by oral medication. Your doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment for tinea capitis and also advise you on the frequency and other details. It is advisable to visit your doctor rather than treat yourself, as it is preferable to have a diagnosis and prescription from a medical professional. In addition, treatment of tinea capitis should be accompanied by strict hygiene — you should wash your hair regularly and try to keep it clean and dry at all times, as moisture only helps fungi to grow. You can use a medicated shampoo, particularly one containing selenium sulfide, as these are effective and are available over the counter. The shampoo should be used at least every third day, depending of course on your hair type, so as not to dry your scalp out and cause other problems.

It is usually advisable that all the members of the household undergo tinea capitis treatment, as the infection is extremely contagious. Avoid sharing combs, pillows, and headgear, and wash these regularly using hot water. This will ensure that the infection does not get passed around for months. Household pets can also transmit the disease, particularly cats, and should therefore be examined and if necessary given treatment for tinea capitis.