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Cellulitis


If there are open wounds in the skin resulting from insect bites and burns, or if the skin has cracked or has a cut, or has been the site of intravenous injection, there is a great chance for it to be infected. It is a welcome site for some types of bacteria.

One type of infection is Cellulitis. Cellulitis infection is caused by the invasion of bacteria on the previously wounded part of the skin, commonly affecting the face and the lower portion of the leg. The infection’s incubation may vary, it can be as fast as twenty-four hours, or it can reach days to manifest. These bacteria, like staphylococcus and streptococcus, is found in the skin’s normal flora but is not invasive unless there is a cut in the skin. The cut may not be too visible to our naked eye, but it is enough for these bacteria to enter. Although the infection may appear to affect the superficial area of the skin only, the bacteria can penetrate the soft tissues under the skin causing inflammation.

Cellulitis infection causes tenderness and can start redness and swelling of the infected area. It can be painful and could cause fever and headaches. These symptoms help the doctors in diagnosis. Severe redness and swelling can signal a deeper infection. For some cases, a yellow, pus-like fluid can comes out from the skin. Once the soft tissues are affected, the bacteria can rapidly travel and spread to the bloodstream and the lymph nodes.

Generally, the elders are prone to recluse cellulitis. Those who have weak immune system and have diabetes are quite vulnerable, too. For diabetics, it could cause ulcers in the feet. Cellulitis infection is also common to those suffering from obesity, people with poor blood circulation to the limb, those with varicose veins and those with liver cirrhosis. Even those with skin disorders like psoriasis and eczema are candidates of cellulitis. In addition, people living in a congested area, with poor hygiene may suffer from the infection as well.

Medication for Cellulitis includes oral and intravenous antibiotic. The treatment is primarily to control the infection and to prevent it from affecting other parts of the body. Bed rest coupled with elevation of the affected area can help in recovering fast from the infection. It will help decrease the swelling of the area. Strict adherence to the medication is necessary. Recluse cellulitis when ignored can be fatal. Proper hygiene is the best solution in preventing Cellulitis infection. Wounds should be cleaned and constantly change its dressing.

 
   
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