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Wrinkles - Natural Causes and Risk Factors for Wrinkles

Most wrinkles develop on the exposed parts of the body where exposure to sun is the highest. The formation of these wrinkles takes place particularly on the face, the neck, the backs of the palms and the hands, on the forearms etc. Wrinkles form in two main categories: thin lines that form on the surface and deeper furrows. Factors that lead to wrinkling of the skin include

  • Excessive Smoking
  • Lighter complexioned skin type, for example individuals who are blue eyed and are susceptible to sun damage
  • Genetics
  • Some forms of hairstyles that are short and cropped and expose a greater area of the neck and scalp to the sun.
  • Sleeveless dresses, clothes that do not fully clothe the individual.
  • Certain occupations and recreational hobbies such as agriculture, seafaring, golfing, etc.
  • Frequent use of tanning booth

As a person gets older, they begin to look noticeably thinner. The diminished stickiness of the skin cells reduces the potency of the barrier function of the skin causing the skin moisture to be released instead of being preserved in the skin. Since the moisture is releases skin dryness occurs. The amount of epidermal skin cells reduces by ten percent every decade and the skin cells divide more slowly as the individual ages thus making the skin less able to mend itself rapidly.

In addition, wounds become difficult to heal and take longer time that it used to. This surface lines such as the frown lines that form between the eyebrows and crow's feet which are lines that develop from the corners of the eyes start to come out because of permanent small muscle compressions. Certain facial habits and expressions also form prominent lines, while gravity tends to exacerbate the condition, leading to the development of jowls and drooping eyelids. Due to forehead wrinkles, eyebrows tend to move up with age.

Causes of Wrinkles on Face - Smoking

Smoking can alter the normal process of aging, thus contributing to the formation of wrinkles. The changes in the skin may take place after a few years of continued and excessive smoking and the changes are usually irreversible. Smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow in the outermost layers of the skin. The narrowing down of the skin impairs the flow of blood flow to the skin, thus depleting the skin of oxygen and vital nutrients, like vitamin A. Furthermore smoking is also known to damage collagen and elastin which are fibers that give the skin durability and elasticity. Due to this, the skin starts to sag and wrinkle before its time.