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Vitiligo: Analyzing Main Causes of Vitiligo & Knowing Symptoms of Vitiligo

Doctors usually check the detailed history of the individual in addition to obvious signs and symptoms of the disease. Important components in a patient's medical examination history comprise:
  • vitiligo among any of the family member
  • development of either rash or small bumps on the patient's ski
  • sunburn by overexposure to the su
  • skin injury or wounds at the site of vitiligo a couple of months before de-pigmentation began
  • mental and physical stress or prolonged illnes
  • premature graying of the hair in the scalp, beard and other places where hair is present

In addition, doctors also feel it is important to ascertain if the patient or anyone among the patient's family members have had any form of autoimmune disorders and whether the patient has been very sensitive to sun exposure, in the past. The physician or the dermatologist then analyzes the patient to eliminate other medical problems. If required, the doctor may also take a small sample of the affected part of the skin known as biopsy and may also request the patient to undergo a blood test to determine the blood-cell count and thyroid functionality. For some individuals, the physician may advocate an examination of the eyes to detect uveitis which is an inflammation of the front portion of the eye. Uveitis is sometimes common among patients with vitiligo. A particular blood test aims to detect the presence of antinuclear antibodies which is a type of autoantibody. All these evaluations are done to find out if the patient is susceptible to an additional autoimmune disease.

The diagnosis of vitiligo is usually done through a clinical examination of the affected patient. Since vitiligo is normally patterned and proportionate, some patients with the patches may have matches on both the extremities in a mirror-image. This is peculiarly observed among fair skinned persons. To determine this, Woods light examination is sometimes needed to detect all the de-pigmented regions.

A test involving the use of the Wood's lamp is useful to distinguish distinct forms of de-pigmentation. Among a small group of particularly difficult vitiligo cases, the skin biopsy may be needed to separate Vitiligo from other conditions such as Pityriasis Alba, Tinea versicolor, Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, Chemical Vitiligo, or Post-inflammatory hypomelanosis. People with vitiligo do not have any increased risk for skin cancers.

Vitiligo: Risk Factors for Vitiligo & Vitiligo Natural Treatment

Vitiligo may also be connected to thyroid disease or multiple endocrinopathy syndrome, hence to rule out the connections the doctor may also prescribe any of the following tests:

  • Thyroid profile, especially to check the count of TS
  • Blood sugar, in order to rule out diabete
  • hemoglobin levels and vitamin B12 levels, to eliminate pernicious anemia.