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Eczema: Causes and Symptoms of Different Types of Eczema

There are varied types of eczema, each type with more or less different causes and symptoms. Most forms of eczema are associated with allergies or take place because of the skin's contact with irritating chemicals.

New Eczema Treatment for Different Types of Eczema

Some types of eczema are connected to underlying medical conditions that cause retention of fluids in the legs.

  • Atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema that comes and goes recurrently, and usually takes place among people who have a genetic or inherited disposition for allergies. In almost 70 percent of the cases, either the patient or a family member has had a form of allergic asthma, or hay fever or even food allergies. Atopic eczema begins to appear early in life, commonly in babies who are two months and 18 months old. Among babies, atopic eczema mainly strikes the face, the neck, the ears and the torso. It also shows on the tops of the feet or on the outside surface of the elbows. Atopic eczema is sometimes seen even among older children, teenagers and adults, and it usually involves the skin folds that are within the creases of the inside bend of the elbow, the knee, the ankle, or the wrist joints, the hands, and sometimes even the upper eyelids.
  • Contact dermatitis - When certain surface irritants or chemicals touch the skin, they can give rise to two types of contact dermatitis which is a type of eczema. Irritant contact dermatitis is the primary irritation of the skin. The problem that occurs is known as allergic contact dermatitis because of the allergic reaction that takes place in the skin. Irritant contact dermatitis may be caused due to lengthy contact with irritants such as bath water, some types of soap, sweating, saliva, urine and in some cases even water.
  • Varicose eczema - Varicose eczema involves the lower legs and it is specially seems among individuals who are in their middle to late years. Varicose eczema is caused due to poor blood circulation.
  • Discoid eczema - Discoid eczema affects the arms and legs, commonly seen among middle-aged men. This type of eczema takes place as numerous round patches and has the tendency to become itchy and ooze fluid.
  • Lichen simplex chronicus - is a type of eczema which is a reaction to the repeated scratching of the skin in a particular area. The constant scratching leads to calloused discolored skin on the affected area.
  • Asteatotic eczema - is a type of dry-skin eczema which forms thin cracks in the skin, in areas where there are fewer oil glands.
  • Stasis dermatitis - is a type of eczema that takes place in people who have varicose veins or other skin conditions that are due to poor blood circulation in the lower legs.