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Inflammation of the Vein due to Blood Clotting

The inflammation of the vein due to blood clotting in the vein is known as thrombophlebitis. In the case of superficial thrombophlebitis, the blood clot that occurs in a vein is the vein that lies just beneath the skin surface. A superficial thrombophlebitis takes place especially after the administration of an intravenous medication or if there is trauma caused to the vein. Some people however do not have any obvious reason for the formation of the blood clot and the occurrence of superficial thrombophlebitis. The risks for this condition include infection, varicose veins, irritation of the area caused by chemicals or being in a particular position for a very long period of time. Pregnant women or those who have been on oral contraceptives for a long period of time also stand the risk of developing blood clots. Sometimes the occurrence of this condition could also indicate a deficiency in antithrombin III (AT-III), protein C (PC) or protein S (PS). Frequent occurrences of the superficial thrombophlebitis could also be an indication of stomach cancers, affecting the pancreas or deep vein thrombosis, or thromboangiitis obliterans.

Superficial thrombophlebitis may also be connected with other symptoms that include the inflammation or the redness close to the superficial vein, a warm feeling or sensation in the particular area or pain when pressure is applied to the area, pain in the hands and legs and hardening of the affected vein. The diagnosis of superficial thrombophlebitis is usually done through tests including the doppler ultrasound, duplex ultrasound or venography. If your doctor perceives an infection then he may also take cultures of the surrounding blood and skin tissues.

Treatment usually revolves around reducing the discomfort and the pain associated with the condition. Support stockings are advised to patients who normally get swelling associated with this condition. Sometimes analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will be prescribed to the patient. Depending on the cause of the thrombophlebitis, the patient may also be prescribed intravenous anticoagulants and also oral anticoagulants that will help to lessen the probability of blood clotting. If there are deeper clots involved then there are specific thrombolytic drugs that may be used to melt down the existing clot. moreover antibiotics may also be given if there are chances of infection. In case of very large areas being affected by the skin condition, patients also go in for surgery or sclerotherapy that may help in preventing further development of such incidents. Surgery is also known to resolve the issue of thrombophlebitis among those who have tendency of developing this condition recurrently.