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Information on Spider Veins

Enlarged veins that appear right beneath the skin surface and usually are characterized by purple, red, and blue colors are known as spider veins or telangiectasia or venulectasias. The appearance of these veins commonly occurs on the face and other parts of the body. Since they resemble a spider's web with short unconnected lines or seem to appear like a sunburst, they are easily identified as spider veins. These veins are unsightly in appearance and they can take place in small obscure corner of the skin or they can also be visible on a large patch of skin. Spider veins are commonly noticed on women but they can also take place in men.

The task of veins is to carry the blood back to the heart. Within these veins there is a one way passage or valve that assures that the blood is carried towards the heart and also balances the blood pressure as it passes through the vein. In the case of spider veins, there might be a deficiency in the performance of these veins and thus these can result in the development of enhanced surface veins also known as venules. Normal veins seem to appear that they have a diameter of approximately one millimeter but in actuality their actual diameter could be three mm under the surface of the skin.

Spider veins are often confused for bruises. Hence most people wait and watch whether the bruise would fade away on its own. However spider veins do not disappear but some instances of spider veins are just a cosmetic issue, no other symptoms are associated with it. However in some cases when the spider veins arise deeper into the skin and not just superficial beneath the skin, then such appearance are often followed by deep and dull throbbing sensation and pain. Genetics play a major role in the formation of spider veins. If the walls of the veins are weak and are experienced by the mother it is highly likely that her offspring would also suffer from it as vein characteristics are genetically passed on. This condition is also seen in pregnant women as fluctuations in the hormones causes the vein walls to soften and become weak. There are a variety of therapies for this condition ranging from sclerotherapy where in chemical irritants are injected into the skin initiating blood clots and thus causing the veins to disappear. However this slow long drawn process could take several weeks for results to show. Laser treatment is also used to get rid of the skin condition and this is increasingly used by patients as it has minimal effects post treatment.