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Causes and Cure for Skin Turgor

The amazing capability of the skin to alter its condition and then revert back to its original condition is known as Skin turgor. It is the degree of the skin's ability to resist any alteration of its condition and is ascertained by the number of elements like the maturity of the individual and the quantity of liquids in the body. When the skin of an individual, particularly from behind the arm of an adult or from a child's stomach area, is drawn out for a moment and it does not revert to its actual condition, it indicates a reduction in Skin turgor. In other words it is a belated indicator of the dehydration of the body.

Medical experts regularly adopt this method to determine the individual's ability to retain fluid in the body. It is also one of the ways to ascertain the amount of nutrition received and absorbed by the individual. Mot health care workers evaluate the stage of fluid deprivation or depletion of bodily fluids. The major cause of skin turgor is loss of fluid.

One of the main reasons is through diarrhea and vomiting or through the body's lack of ability to absorb fluid intake which could result in further dehydration through sweating or urination. When the medical practitioner assesses the individual for dehydration or depletion of bodily fluids the practitioner usually tests the skin areas above the sternum and the forehead. These areas are known to preserve skin turgor than the rest of the body. More often than not, the skin would feel tepid, damp and clammy with dehydration.

During the testing, the skin on the wrist, lower arm or usually on the trunk near the abdomen is squeezed and held on with the help of two fingers so that it the skin gets raised up. This raised skin is maintained in this position for some time and then released from the grip. The skin that is normal and has regular turgor gets back to the normal position as soon as it the pinch is released.

The longer the time the skin takes to get back to its original place is a sign of the degree of dehydration. Although inadequate skin turgor is associated with dehydration, it may be a challenging sign to measure the loss of fluids as nearly all elderly human beings skin elasticity decreases as the individual's age increases. Sometimes connective tissue abnormalities such as dermatosclerosis and Ehler's-Danlos syndrome are also known to strike the stretch-ability of the skin. The tissue disorders do not have anything to do with dehydration; the abnormalities are due to the alteration in the characteristics of the skin tissue.