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Mongolian Blue Spots

Mongolian spots are flatbed marks that are usually gray or blue in color and these appear on babies at birth or shortly after birth. These come out on the back at the base of the spine, on the buttocks and may also be evident on the shoulders of the baby. However these are harmless spots and are connected to any kind of disorder ailment of condition. Mongolian blue spots are normally seen in children in the African, Asian and Asian subcontinent region. These spots lack any definite form or shape and are usually pigmented spots rather than term them as lesions. These flat patches can appear anywhere on the body even on the wrists, upper arms, shoulders, back ankles abdomen etc. However they are not seen appearing on the head, palms, soles or face. Mongolian blue spots take form in the embryo when the melanocytes, also known as pigment cells, get trapped in the dermis when these cells are passing from the neural crest into the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates, as the fetus develops in the mother's womb. These pigment cells that fail to reach the desired location get clustered and give the impression of blue spots in the developing embryo.

Most Mongolian spots are viewed as bruises by concerned parents when they first notice these marks. Most Caucasians do not experience this phenomenon which is prevalent only in the other continents and thus sometimes there is a perception of child abuse as these marks are similar to those of bruises or black and blue injuries. Hence most nursing homes record such marks right at the beginning of the child's birth and mention the appearance of the spots in the child's record file to ensure that no untoward action is taken against the hospital or the nursing home that helped delivered the baby. These marks are so common in Asians and Far East Asians that almost 90percent of the children born in these places, have these marks on them.

These spots require absolutely no treatment. Mongolian blue spots disappear by the time the child is four years old and do not reappear again. There are rare cases when the Mongolian spots have persisted for years and have lasted for a number of years. But then again it's not a health hazard and medical practitioners do recommend that patients or individuals carrying such marks must not indulge in getting them removed.