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Keloid - Causes and Treatment of Keloids

Keloids are large raised scars that usually take a wide space on an affected person's body. The unfortunate part about this ailment is that the scars simply spread and do not show any signs of receding. A keloid scar, as it is sometimes known as, commences all of a sudden and is evident by its presence as its scarring is high above the skin and not in alignment with the body. These scars do not have a definite shape and unlike other skin ailments, the keloid scars only get worse and progresses on the skin with the passage of time. Sometimes the scar is dysplastic or thick, but these remain within the boundaries of the sore. The dysplastic scarring usually recede as time passes by, however it takes more than a year or more. With steroidal treatment, usually cortisone therapy, the process of scarring may speed up. These scars are more often seen among certain ethnic communities. People belonging to the African-American or Hispanic race have a greater susceptibility of succumbing to keloid.

Keloid Treatment to prevent Infected Keloid

Keloid usually affects the deltoid muscle, otherwise referred to as the large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint, of the arms. Upper arms, upper back, the breastbone region, ears and back of the neck are commonly afflicted sites. It is not yet completely understood why such scars take place. It is however noticed that repeated skin trauma, skin infection, on an open wound or sore, precedes scarring. Some researchers are of the belief that genetic defects could also be a cause of keloid scars.

There is perhaps not much one can do prevent the occurrence of keloids. If you are genetically disposed to having a skin that has collagen abnormalities or if you have a family history of keloids then there is not much you can do about it. Do not attempt in getting body tattoos or body piercing especially if you belong to the race that is predisposed to getting it, you must inform your doctor if you have to go in for a surgery. There are three forms of treatment currently available to treat this disorder. They include surgery, non-surgery and combination of both surgery and non-surgery options.

Another recent form of treatment involves the use of radiation. Radiation usually follows surgery and a type of radiotherapy that involves external application. It has been observed that radiation affects the development of skin and also alters the production of collagen. There are a variety of therapies that are either used in seclusion or combinations and these include antihistamines, minerals and vitamins, nitrogen mustard, calcium blockers, types of retinoic acids etc.