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Causes and Treatment for Granuloma annulare

A long standing chronic condition, Granuloma annulare is characterized by the appearance of upraised slightly or sometimes normal skin colored swellings that look like lesions. These lesions seem to form some sort of a ring pattern, and is commonly observed on hands and feet on the affected patients. Granuloma annulare takes place quite commonly in kids and young people, although it is known to impact people of all ages.

In spite of the fact that the lesions might be unpleasant to look at, granuloma annulare normally is not a sign or indication of something serious. However what causes this skin condition to develop remains largely unknown. Sometimes during a self diagnosis, the formations of these lesions are often confused for ringworm especially if there is mild itching associated with it. In most cases there are no further symptoms, but some do experience the urge to scratch around the lesions.

Some rare cases that cause Granuloma annulare to develop throughout the body are a more generalized severe form of disease. When granuloma annulare is observed all over the body, the lesions appear much smaller than the localized version and the overall itching can be very annoying to the patient. In some studies it was observed that granuloma annulare was occasionally related to insulin imbalance in the body, thyroid abnormalities, and also in those who are HIV infected.

However, most people who developed granuloma annulare had no such illnesses. It was also observed that women are likelier to develop this condition twice as much as men and especially young children and young people also develop this condition. The best form of diagnosis is a skin examination by a specialist especially a dermatologist and the doctors usually prescribe anti-fungal medications to rule out any bacterial or fungal infections.

Medication for granuloma annulare is not a requisite in a majority of the cases as the lesions ordinarily vanish away on their own in a couple of years. However for patients who need cosmetic treatment, doctors or dermatologists usually recommend corticosteroids to alter the appearance of the bumps and to help hasten their fadeout.

However if the rash is a bother and the itching remains persistent then corticosteroids maybe prescribed and to remove lesions that do not go away on their own, cryotherapy is used. In cryotherapy, the doctor or surgeon uses liquid nitrogen on the lesions and to freeze the swelling. Once the swelling has frozen, the doctor will remove the lesion which comes off easily. The entire procedure is of a very short duration anywhere between a few seconds to just one minute.