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Causes of Eczema, Symptoms of Eczema and Risk Factors of Eczema

Eczema also known as atopic dermatitis is a skin condition characterized by intense itching and discomfort on certain parts of the body. This itchy eruption is quite often accompanied by asthma or by hay fever. Eczema is a lifelong condition if not treated and is seen in young children and infants. However if these symptoms of eczema are left untreated it can develop into a full blown disorder and can well accompany the individual into adulthood.

Atopic dermatitis can afflict any part of the body and usually involves the skin on the arms and behind the knees. This skin disorder has the tendency to develop abruptly and then quite down for some time, the period of the disease being dormant can last a number of years. There is no specific cause to pinpoint as the main reason for this disorder, but it is known that the main cause of eczema is a dysfunction in the immune system.

Eczema Triggers - Stages of Eczema and Eczema Treatments


The initial stages of eczema is extremely discomforting with a need to scratch almost all the while as the intense itching gets unbearable. Topical measures such as medicated soaps, emollients and certain applications are of great use to relieve the itching.

However if the itching is so severe that it affects sleep, then the condition requires medical attention. The itching develops into reddish or brownish colored type of patches, while the swelling caused by the scratching is noticeable by its tiny upraised bulges, which might ooze fluid and cause crusts to form if scratched. Over a period of time repeated scratching can cause thick over when calloused, chapped or rough skin, moreover the skin also tends to get tender and raw.

In spite of the fact that eczema is concerned to allergies, doing away with allergens is seldom useful in dealing with the condition. From time to time, constituents that actually trap dust such as sleeping pillows, comforters, beds, carpets and draperies might aggravate the allergic condition. Depending upon the severity of skin disorder, medicaments ranging from corticosteroid ointments or salves that can help to alleviate the rough scales and palliate the itchiness.

For moderate to severe itching doctors usually prescribe oral antihistamines and for skin sores that develop due to the scratching, a mild astringent usually helps to ward off the infection. In recent times there has been a category of medicines known as immunomodulators, which has helped to sustain the texture of the skin and cut down the eruptions of eczema. However since immunomodulators directly affect the immune system it cannot be used for a long period of time.