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Cutaneous Anthrax Information : Anthrax Causes and Treatment for Anthrax

Cutaneous anthrax is a type of anthrax that affects the skin. When the bacterium which is the anthrax spores come in direct contact with the skin, cutaneous anthrax is contracted through an entering such as a cut or a blister on the skin. Resembling an insect or a spider bite the infection starts off as an upraised, and at times an itchy swelling. In a matter of hours within the day, the swelling disappears to form into an open sore which is usually painless; the characteristic sore forms with a black center. Cutaneous anthrax is a very common type of anthrax disease and almost all the cases that arise with the infection of anthrax; cutaneous anthrax is the mildest form. With therapy, the infection is deadly in much less than one percent of the reported cases.

The danger however lies in the bacterium's ability to quickly spread to the other parts of the body, which is what makes anthrax a dreaded word. There is a slight danger that the infection may spread to other parts of your body. With the development of cutaneous anthrax, the oozing from the open wound may present a low risk of transmission to others. It is not spread through casual contact, or by coughing and sneezing. Symptoms of Cutaneous anthrax and signs that indicate the spread of the disease include high temperature, body chills and welled up, contaminated lymph glands that lie near the area of the sore.

The bacterium which is the primary cause of the disease is known as Bacillus anthracis. Bacillus anthracis is a gram-positive, enclosed, sporogenous bacterium. Anthrax is all forms must be treated immediately to prevent spread and mortality. In almost 20 percent of untreated cases, fatality occurs because of the release of lethal poisonous substance produced by the bacterium in the bloodstream.

Treatment for Cutaneous Anthrax : Antibiotics for Anthrax Infection

Antibiotics are the most common form of treatment for Cutaneous anthrax. A combination of different types of antibiotics works best during the course of treatment. The doctor usually prescribes a range of medicines depending upon the day and the spread on the body. The treatment lasts usually anyway between 10 ten days to a fortnight. Mostly a three month course is highly recommended for a full blown case of cutaneous anthrax related to bioterrorism.

In 1970 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commissioned a vaccine for people who are at a high risk of occupational vulnerability towards anthrax. Apparently the vaccine is accounted to be 92.5 percent efficient in being protective in contact with anthrax that could be either cutaneous or inhalational forms of the disease. However the vaccine is not available for general or public use.