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Glycolic Acid Peel


Glycolic acid peel is a non-invasive facial treatment for beautiful skin.  It is a topical application that evens skin texture making it appear fresh and flawless.  The deeper the peel, the silkier the look as new skin is exposed when the older dermis is replaced.   The peel is popularly known as AHA.  The treatment is excellent for poor skin texture, mottled pigmentation, acne, sallow skin, and fine lines.

AHA is not an expression but it refers to Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA).  These acids are sometimes taken from fruits.  The glycolic acid peel for skin enhancing treatments is processed in the laboratory from chemical reagents or active carbon monoxides with the use of formaldehyde.   

There are different types of AHA and these have different labels depending on their source of origin.  AHA from sugar cane is glycolic acid, lactic acid from sour milk, citric acid from sour fruits, malic acid from apples, and tartaric acid from grapes.   Glycolic acid peel depends on these acids for effective skin peeling.

Glycolic acid peel is not a daily skin care formulation.  Instead, it is a peeling agent.  Glycolic peels use different concentrations.  Physicians perform peels with concentrations of 50%-70%.  Nurses or skin care specialists can handle concentrations of 30-50%.  The regular over the counter product contains a smaller concentration of 30% and below.  This is usually used as a home treatment for a specific period.   

During a glycolic acid peel treatment, the skin is stripped of oils with the use of degreasing agents.  The acid is applied all over the face except for the eye area.  It is left on the skin for two minutes and sometimes longer.  Then the skin is neutralized to prevent the stinging or burning sensation.  Every time the skin stings, the neutralizer are applied.  

Glycolic acid peel treatments are repeated every two weeks.  Until satisfactory results are reached, it may take longer up to four weeks.  The complete treatment requires some 6 peels.  There is no formula for the number of peels per patient.  

The glycolic acid peel with lower content is used as a daily skin care regimen.  These are they glycolic acids or pure peeling solutions from lactic acid or a combined cocktail of the different AHAs.   These are safe non-toxic acids; therefore, there will be few complications.  The popularity of this peeling treatment is evidenced in the rising demand for the product.

With higher concentrations, the peel will be deeper.  The 70% preparation will benefit skin damaged by too much exposure to the sun.  A 70% glycolic acid peel is stronger than the nonphenol peeling agents.     

A glycolic acid peel with lower concentrations can achieve significant peeling effects; peels are usually well tolerated, and glycolic acid produces no systemic toxicity.  However, treatment varies from patient to patient.   Not all patients will have the same reaction or effect.  If administered carelessly it may penetrate unevenly.  A neutralizing agent is used to control the stinging sensation.   It must be also noted that glycolic acid does not always create a peeling effect.