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Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment

Hyperpigmentation is caused by the sudden or gradual darkening of certain areas of the skin. People who suffer from Hyperpigmentation patches have an excess of the pigment melanin in those areas which makes these areas darker than the surrounding skin. Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by injury and inflammation. Skin can also become Hyperpigmented as a reaction to certain drugs or as a result of skin diseases. Exposure to direct sunlight generally darkens the spots or patches considerably.

Hyperpigmented patches leave the skin discolored and blotchy. Hyperpigmentation is generally considered to be a harmless condition, but people often seek treatment for cosmetic reasons. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment options are very varied today. Treatment depends largely on the type, intensity and cause of the scarring. Surface scars like those caused by acne or injury are treated effectively using phenol or glycolic acid peels. In most cases, repeated sessions are necessary to completely eliminate the Hyperpigmented scars. In many cases, scars may be thickened skin tissue that forms a Hyperpigmented lump on the skin. Raised Hyperpigmented skin problem is often treated with electro-fulguration which uses an electric current to destroy the unwanted scar tissue. Facial skin is very delicate and as a result hyper pigmentation marks on the face have to be treated very carefully. If the skin treatment is too strong, it can cause more damage than good and can even leave permanent scars. Electrical stimulation and creams contain hydroxy quinone, tretinoin or topical steroids are most commonly used to treat facial Hyperpigmentation.

Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation caused by skin diseases has scar tissue that is located below the superficial layer of the skin. As a result of this, topical treatments to eliminate this type of scarring take many months to show any effect whatsoever. Laser treatment has been very effective in treating this type of Hyperpigmentation scars as it can effectively target only the scar tissue to be eliminated while leaving the normal tissue unharmed.
Hyperpigmented skin darkens when exposed to direct sunlight which makes the skin look blotchy and unattractive. Post inflammatory Hyperpigmentation can darken suddenly and intensely. The scarred tissue from acne or skin problems or diseases is prone to this condition. The excess melanin from the scar tissue is absorbed by the body after a period of time and the discoloration fades. In most cases, lighter spots or small patches fade within 6 months or so although larger or darker scars can take years to completely fade away. People with darker skin types like the Africans, Asians or people from the Mediterranean regions are at a higher risk of Hyperpigmentation.