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Acne Hyperpigmentation

Acne Hyperpigmentation is a very common and unattractive effect of an acne flare. In most cases, this condition is a purely cosmetic problem. The discoloration may be very prominent but is different from true scar tissue. Unlike most scarred tissue that often does not disappear completely, Acne Hyperpigmentation generally disappears without a trace.

Acne is caused by bacteria present in blocked skin pores. This causes a build up of pus within the pore and the skin around the pore gets inflamed. Once the acne has cleared, the skin in the affected area thickens. This scar tissue is the main cause of Acne Hyperpigmentation. In many cases, this scar tissue contains excess deposits of melanin. The amount of melanin present in skin tissue determines its color. As a result of the excess melanin, the skin in the affected areas is darker in color. Most acne scar hyperpigmentation is just a discoloration of the skin. However in some cases it can also be in the form of darkened raised tissue. These are called macules and they generally fade within 3 to 6 months. If the infection was prolonged it can take up to 18 months to completely clear.

Acne hyperpigmentation treatment

There are various methods to treat acne hyperpigmentation. However, most of these acne hyperpigmentation treatments are rather harsh and are prescription medications. Hydroquinone is used to reduce the amount of melanin present in the skin. Topical Retinoids and Azeliac Acid are used to stimulate cell proliferation. The effectiveness of all treatments varies from person to person. In severe cases, more than one method of acne hyperpigmentation treatment is used in conjunction with each other. It is not wise to use any treatment without consulting your dermatologist as you may end up with permanent scars.

There is not much that you can do to manage acne scar hyperpigmentation. In order to successfully avoid this problem, it is necessary to control the acne that causes the scarring. Follow a strict acne skin care regimen to control and eliminate acne. Due to the hyperpigmentation acne scars will be darker. However, it is important to note that these scars will darken and become more prominent if they are exposed to direct sunlight. Use a non-comedogenic sunscreen lotion to ensure that your skin is well protected and the discoloration is minimal. Noncomodogenic products do not block your skin pores and so it would be advisable to make sure that all your facial products are noncomodogenic.