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Laser Skin Acne Treatment

There are two common types of acnes scars, pitted scars and pigmented scars as well as the relatively uncommon keloid or raised scars, all of which can be treated with acne laser surgery. Pitted scars are of the same color as the skin surrounding them and appear as either shallow or deeper pits, while pigmented scars are of a different color (generally darker or redder) as the skin surrounding them. Through the use of a laser acne scars can be eliminated or at least drastically reduced. There are two types of lasers that are used in acne scar laser treatment; ablative lasers that are used in resurfacing and non-ablative lasers that do not damage the skin’s surface. Ablative lasers are generally employed in moderate to severe cases and can completely remove keloids that are caused by acne.

Acne Laser Surgery

Ablative lasers burn away unattractive scarred tissue but also cause unavoidable and minimal damage to the lower skin layers. Although this does not result in scarring, it can take a couple of months for the skin to heal completely. There are two distinct types of ablative lasers; carbon dioxide lasers that are used to the treatment of atrophic scars and Pulsed dye lasers which are used to treat thick, red nodular scars. After an acne laser surgery, a person’s skin is raw and inflamed and requires a great deal of post-operation care to prevent infection. If a person is required to go in for multiple sessions, he/she might have to undergo several months of discomfort due to the newer tender skin. On the other hand, Non-ablative laser treatment does not injure the skin and reduces sebum production by heating the sebaceous glands. It also stimulates collagen production so that depressed scars can naturally fill out and smoothen. Non ablative laser acne treatment does not have any of the uncomfortable side effects of resurfacing and there is no increased risk of infection. However, this type of treatment requires multiple sessions and can only be used on people with mild or moderate scarring. This treatment is also relatively costly. If your scarring is minimal, you could consider other cosmetic procedures like chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabraison. These procedures are very effective in treating lighter scars and do not really require follow up treatment.

Retin –A (a retionoid) treatments and Alphahydroxy or glycolic acid (chemical) peels are often used along with laser skin acne treatments for optimum results.