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Acne Medications

Acne or acne vulgaris is a common skin disease that can be treated using different types of acne medication depending on the intensity of the infection. The acne occurs most commonly on the face, back, chest and is caused due to the clogging of the skin pores with sebum, bacteria and dead skin cells. Listed below are some acne medicine options.

•    Oral antibiotics: This acne medication is generally used by patients with a moderate or severe acne outbreak. This type of acne medication works to reduce the acne population and decrease the level of inflammation. Treatment using these antibiotics begins with higher doses and is gradually reduced as the acne starts to recede; the prescription duration lasts for about six months.

•    Topical antibiotics: Topical antibiotics are considered safer than oral antibiotics, as the latter affect the whole body, causing side effects such as stomach upsets and secondary infections. Topical antibiotics are applied directly on the area of affected skin, and directly attack the bacteria.

•    Topical bactericidal: This is an acne medication that uses benozyl peroxide to treat a mild or moderate acne outburst. These bactericidal are available over the counter at your local pharmacy. The benozyl peroxide works by killing the bacteria that causes the acne and in effect prevents fresh outbreaks.

•    Hormonal treatments: Hormonal treatments are an effective acne medicine for women, for whom the problem is often related to hormone fluctuations.  The combination of antiandrogen, estrogen and cyproterone is very effective in treating acne. Oral contraceptives can also be used to treat acne, but long term use is not recommended.

•    Oral retinoids: The daily consumption of the derative of vitamin A that is known as isotertinoin is also an effective acne medication solution. The retinoid works over a period of four to six months to reduce acne by reducing the secretion of oils from the glands.

•    Topical retinoids: This is a form of acne medicine which is derived from vitamin A and is widely used to treat acne. The topical retinoid works to clear out acne by unclogging pores and preventing the white heads and black heads from forming. There is one drawback though – topical retinoids can cause skin irritation and increase your skin’s sensitivity to the sun, therefore make sure to use sun protection when using this acne medication.

•    Phototherapy: This method of acne medication uses specially built dichoric bulbs and LEDs or lasers to treat acne. Known as phototherapy it uses UV light to kill the bacteria that causes acne.

•    Laser treatment: Laser surgery is a form of acne medicine that is used to treat acne by burning away either the follicle hair sac, the sebaceous oil gland or by creating oxidization that kills the bacteria.