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Cystic Acne

Cystic acne is the one of the harshest forms of acne. Once your acne reaches a stage where it forms into cysts rather than pimples, it is called cystic acne. In very severe cases, this can be exceedingly painful. Even though this type of acne is common, it is still rarer than the other types of acne. Cystic acne is usually caused either by excessive blockage of skin pores or hormonal changes. On some cases, cystic acne is also hereditary. The medical term frequently used to describe this kind of acne is nodulocystic acne.

Cystic Acne Treatment

In order to treat cystic acne, the first thing you need to do is to consult a qualified medical professional who will correctly guide you as to how you can go about your treatment. This medical professional should preferably be a dermatologist, who is better known as a skin specialist, rather than your general practitioner. A dermatologist will be able to diagnose your condition appropriately and find out the extent and severity of your condition. Usually, cystic acne is such a severe condition that it requires powerful and dedicated medication to cure it. Effective cystic acne treatment can be provided only by a dermatologist. In fact, even after proper diagnosis, there are chances that even the treatment provided by the dermatologist will fail. Depending on how your skin reacts to different medicines, the dermatologist may have to try out different combinations of drugs.

The very first treatment is usually topical medications such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. These are usually safe treatments that are used for regular, relatively mild acne as well. If these treatments do not work, the next option is administration of oral antibiotics. Precisely which antibiotic has to be taken will be decided by your dermatologist. As usual, antibiotics have the potential for side effects, and you should follow your dermatologist’s instructions carefully to minimize this risk while ensuring that the treatment is effective. One other option is oral contraceptives for women, especially if they are suffering from hormonal problems. If all these treatments do not work, your dermatologist will probably try isotretinoin. This cystic acne treatment works successfully in almost all cases. In spite of its effectiveness, it is used only as a last resort, as the treatment is substantially more expensive than other acne treatments, and also has more side effects, such as dry skin, itching, rashes, nose bleeds, eye irritation, headaches. Higher doses have more severe side effects, but are usually avoided and not even necessary. Sometimes cystic acne treatments may also involve low grade surgical procedures, primarily because cystic acne tends to cause scarring. It is always advisable to ask your doctor about these in detail before opting for them. There are no general medications available over the counter to cure cystic acne.